Unmanned Aircraft Systems

An unmanned aircraft (UA), commonly known as a drone, is operated without a pilot on board. An unmanned aircraft system (UAS) consists of the UA and associated elements such as the remote control equipment.

Before you fly your UA

Given Singapore’s busy airspace and densely populated urban environment, the flying of an UA must be carried out in a safe and responsible manner. If not carried out properly, the operation of UA may pose a risk to aviation and public safety. We would like to highlight that every operator is responsible for understanding and abiding by the rules, including recreational or research uses of the UA. For more information on the regulations, you may refer to the Air Navigation Order, paragraph 80. 

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Regulations on UA operations

The table below summarises the rules in place for operating an UA.

Operations that are Recreational or Research in Nature

Operations carried out indoors or outdoors? Outdoors Outdoors Indoors or Outdoors
Conditions of Operations [If the UA operations meet all the below conditions]
  • Total mass of UA, including payload is 7kg or below
  • UA is flown at 200ft AMSL* or below
  • Outside of restricted, danger, protected, prohibited areas and not within 5km of an aerodrome / airbase
[If the UA operations meet any one of the below conditions]

 

  • UA is flown at higher than 200ft AMSL*
  • Within restricted, danger, protected, prohibited areas and within 5km of an aerodrome / airbase
Total mass of UA including payload, exceed 7kg
Permits required? No permits required Class 2 Activity Permit required Operator Permit and Class 1 Activity Permit required
Examples of applicable situations
  1. IHL conducting a course for its enrolled students, as part of its curriculum
  2. Individuals flying an UA in line with CAAS’ operating conditions
  1. Schools within 5km of an civil aerodrome / military airbase flying UA outdoors for educational purposes
  2. Individuals flying an UA higher than 200ft AMSL for aerial photography for personal collection


Operations that are Non-recreational or Non-research in Nature

Operations carried out indoors or outdoors? Indoors or Outdoors
Conditions of Operations Regardless of UA weight / location of UA operations
Permits required? Operator Permit and Class 1 Activity Permit required
Examples of applicable situations
  1. Business providing aerial surveying or photography services
  2. Company's public communications department using an UA to take event photographs for its own internal newsletter
  3. Competitive UA races by a private organiser
  4. Training courses with a practical element, that is, a UA is deployed as part of the course syllabus

^ Any pursuit or activity engaged in for enjoyment, relaxation or leisure, is classified as recreational in nature. However the following activities are excluded:

a. a sporting activity that forms part of an organised group activity or organised competition or tournament (such as a flying display); 
b. a recreational activity provided by a business, or in the course of business.

Any activity falling within the following categories is classified as research in nature:
a. any lecture, tutorial, seminar, demonstration, class or similar activity on unmanned aircraft provided by an educational institution, referred to in section 72 of the Private Education Act; or
b. any research and development activity carried on by an educational institution, referred to in section 72 of the Private Education Act, with the object of acquiring knowledge that may be of use for the purpose of devising or developing a new or substantially improved product that is an unmanned aircraft.

*AMSL – Above Mean Sea Level

You may refer to the FAQs on UA regulations here.







Last Updated on 28 November 2018